17 0 obj << The yellow circle visualizes the set of cases with condition X, meaning, countries with quotas. This is what is considered one of QCA's unique selling points because many other methods are not or less useful for samples or populations of this size. �D��%rD individuals). For Enterprise For Students. Not all countries with high female representation have quotas but the reverse is true. However, week 1 focuses more on the general analytic foundations, and weeks 2 to 5 are more about the practical aspects of a QCA study. Further information about receiving a course certificate can be found here: https://learner.coursera.help/hc/en-us/articles/209819053-Get-a-Course-Certificate Welcome back. Set theory has provided a standard foundation for mathematics, in a sense that every mathematical object can be defined in terms of the single notion of a “set”, and all of mathematics can be formalised within the axiom system ZFC of Set Theory. â¢ Note that the supplementary readings are mostly not freely available. Another aspect of complex causality is equifinality, which means that more than one condition or combination of conditions might lead to the same outcome. â¢ QCA is a comparative method that is mainly used in the social sciences for the assessment of cause-effect relations (i.e. What can you do with QCA? Further, the method can be interesting to both quantitative and qualitative researchers. â¢ Please find the full list of references for all citations (mentioned in this course guide, in the MOOC, and in the assignments) in appendix B of the course guide. Lastly, QCA assesses asymmetric causation. In this video, I will discuss the complex causality which QCA investigates and the set theoretic approach which enables such analysis. organizations) and micro (e.g. ӡ+���v&������M����P�F��qe�A��!\���w1��\[�-xq"����䂉��-eV]�K�B�q>�����C���0UW>q�/���fz���B�F����z����L�0��`9B���~���B��E��\0�bX�ư�1p�Y�y]���QI��M�p��a�E��i�*����ݺq��U´T����d{E��ߏKyR��܀�WE��*�=��cS�e�b�p2������R��OY�nx��$ â¢ The textbook by Schneider and Wagemann (2012) functions as the primary reference for further information on the topics that are covered in the MOOC. First, QCA investigates how conditions work together as a causal recipe in causing an outcome. Construction Engineering and Management Certificate, Machine Learning for Analytics Certificate, Innovation Management & Entrepreneurship Certificate, Sustainabaility and Development Certificate, Spatial Data Analysis and Visualization Certificate, Master's of Innovation & Entrepreneurship. We denote a set Sby its elements, In his first book about QCA in 1987, Reagan focused on macro-level cases such as states. Subset relations can be visualized with Venn diagrams. That could be interpreted as an indication that quotas are conducive to female representation because whenever countries have quotas, they also have high female representation. The same line of reasoning applies to more complex models with multiple conditions. They also indicate that the opposite is not true. â¢ The activities of the course include watching the videos, consulting supplementary material where necessary, and doing assignments. Introduction, analytic foundations and the QCA research process. In week 1, we will discuss a) the nature and structure of the general research process in QCA, b) the analytic foundations of QCA, and c) the features of the general QCA research field. Here, the blue circle visualizes the set of cases with outcome Y, which are countries with relatively high female representation. It is natural for us to classify items into groups, or sets, and consider how those sets overlap with each other. To conclude, a few words about QCA's applicability. aren’t particularly relevant; instead, most of what we need to review is simply the language and notation for set theory. This Venn diagram shows that the yellow set of countries with condition X, the quotas, is a superset of the blue set of countries with outcome Y, relatively high female representation. /Filter /FlateDecode Books have to be bought or might be available in a university library; journal publications have to be ordered online or are accessible via a university license. Excellent course and perfectly pitched at the right level (not to easy, not too hard). This course will give you a general overview of set theory which will help you pass your exams. â¢ After the course you will know how to conduct a basic QCA study by yourself. This is called conjunctional causation. In that case, the condition set of countries with quotas would form a part or a subset of the outcome set of countries with high female representation. To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web browser that The figure illustrates that the yellow set of cases with condition X is a smaller part, a subset of the blue set of cases with outcome Y, said otherwise all cases with condition X, the quotas, also have conditioned Y, high female representation. Only assignments 1 to 6 and 8 are mandatory. This indicates that condition X is sufficient for outcome Y. De nition. â¢ The publication by Schneider and Wagemann (2012) is comprehensive and detailed, and covers almost all topics discussed in the MOOC. These 7 mandatory assignments must be completed successfully to pass the course. All countries with quotas have high female representation. %���� This is the core business and the added value of QCA. As mentioned in the previous video, with calibration, the researcher determines whether cases are member of the sets with the outcome and conditions. This will help you prepare well for the course and attend it properly. The complex causality on which QCA focuses has several characteristics. Lastly, QCA can be applied to all levels of cases. Without X, Y cannot occur. Ideally, the number of cases is at least 10. Basics. An art collector might own a collection of paintings, while a music lover might keep a collection of CDs. Asymmetry means that the recipe for the occurrence of the outcome is not simply the opposite of the recipe for the non-occurrence of the outcome. Good day everybody. Now, by analyzing how sets relate to each other and by theorizing the causal significance of their relation, it becomes possible to investigate complex causality. Who this course is for: But after that, the method was applied in studies of cases on all levels, including cases on the meso level, such as organizations, and cases on the micro level, such as individuals or small groups of people. The aim of this course is to learn the basics of set theory and to simultaneously enhance our ability to write formal proofs. In the previous video, we discussed that QCA assesses a type of causation that is considered to be more complex than the net effects approach in statistical techniques. %PDF-1.5 Let's have a look at a situation where the outcome of high female representation does always occur in countries with quotas. Now, this is a simple example with one condition. A set Sis simply any collection of elements. Browse; Top Courses; Log In; Join for Free; 1.3. It will also help you determine if the course offers the knowledge and skills you are looking for. Further, because some of the covered topics are quite technical (particularly topics in weeks 3 and 4 of the course), we provide several worked examples that supplement the videos by offering more specific illustrations and explanation. â¢ QCA is mostly used for research of small- and medium-sized samples and populations (10-100 cases), but it can also be used for larger groups. The non-occurrence of the outcome needs to be assessed separately. Appendix A in the course guide mentions which chapters in that book can be consulted for which week of the course. QCA thus allows for a context-specific analysis of causation. â¢ Making the assignments successfully is one condition for receiving a course certificate. Any collection of items can form a set. â¢ The learning objectives with regard to understanding the foundations of QCA and practically conducting a QCA study are pursued throughout the course. What will you learn in this course? Let's take the set of countries with quotas that ensure a minimum number of female candidates. We can use these sets understand relationships between groups, and to analyze survey data. Next to the assessment of complex causality, a more practical reason to work with QCA is that the method can be used for small and intermediate samples or populations. �ת��)-Kr�b��2t,����/0�}�_��*�(�B���:���>83�x�*��!��T��$���Sh&G�$�LF�$S1�J� 2�-s��1��${ؘk/���q��!���o��f-'�؆H9� d?�����A0�5{�D��pK�ܵ��C��ض�yih�"^�E{���|������N����pxu �ď�4�Qj�fַ�@u�����`���W}��:?�;~C- �I��}LH�v�d�aJ ��r��I 6>OJ���#�吗$�u]mR��1bW�K���Ͳ�0�ߦ�Ң�&���}�sǜ��c �uo���k��wh��Be�H��1���ݦ�h��}����-�#S�� 90�CĂ B��v6D��H�{�ߐ��S/%�",be�X���+�4s"� ����xl�_.

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