The first successful animal cloning occurred over 22 years ago, after a Scottish Blackface sheep surrogate mother gave birth to Dolly on July 5, 1996, at the Roslin Institute, part of the University of Edinburgh. That way, you can determine whether you are for it or against it. Single-cell organisms like some yeasts and bacteria naturally reproduce clones of parent cells via budding or binary fission. It has caused quite a stir particularly among religious sectors. When a patient who suffered from a traumatic injury has his or her cells cloned, it will be easier and faster to recover from such injury. List of Pros of Genetic Cloning… Cloning is the process of creating a copy of a single cell or an entire living organism. If children are cloned, it can encourage people to believe that they can have kids designed according to their wishes. One of the great ethical debates of our era is the subject of human cloning. Using cloning technologies, genetic researchers would have a better understanding of the composition of genes and the effects of genetic constituents on human traits. In other words, scientists and researchers can replicate cells that are necessary for a research without sacrificing humans or animals for testing. Reproductive cloning is the process of using one organism's genetic information to make a complete copy of that same organism. While more than 30 countries formally ban cloning for reproductive purposes, China, England, Israel, Singapore and Sweden do allow cloning for research, but disallow reproductive cloning. Molecular Genetics (Biology): An Overview, National Institute of Health: National Institutes of Health Guidelines for Human Stem Cell Research, CNN: Monkey See, Monkey 2: Scientists Clone Monkeys Using Technique That Created Dolly the Sheep, The University of Edinburgh: The Life of Dolly, North Carolina State Extension: Sheep Facts, Georgetown University: Cloning Human Beings. 2. Dolly died when she was six, and though she had shortened telomeres, she lived an average life and produced multiple offspring through natural methods, but she also developed diseases in her later years. Each clone bears the same sets of genetic material in the nucleus of every cell. The word itself comes from the ancient Greek word "klon," which means twig. Cloning could prove helpful in the research of genetics. It can help in genetic research. Human cloning research and techniques could subject the clone to unacceptable risks such as a shortened life, bad health or other unknown problems. Though genetic … Let us take a look at the pros and cons of cloning humans to come up with a well-informed decision on our end. When that happens, it is highly likely that this advancement in science will help combat genetic illnesses. If you are on the fence about genetic cloning, it helps to know its pros and cons. Cloned from a six-year-old Dorset sheep, scientists analyzed her DNA at her first birthday and discovered that the telomeres at the end of her DNA strands (think eraser on a pencil head) were shorter that they should be for her age. As you can see, there are certain things that need to be corrected or worked out before cloning is fully developed. It has the potential to create organs. As animals and humans age, these telomeres become shorter. These Pros and Cons of Cloning are Both Fascinating and Scary. It could eliminate defective genes. Here are the pros and cons of cloning humans and other creatures to help you develop an educated decision in the end. Plus, there is little to no chance of complications because their own cells are used to repair any broken or damage body part. When looking at the major human cloning pros and cons, it is essential that we balance the need to evolve the scientific processes involved in this artificial task while addressing the ethical and moral concerns which currently exist when manually creating or changing a genome. The Pros And Cons Of Cloning And Genetic Engineering 1008 Words | 5 Pages. It could lower healing and recovery times. Although the genetic … 1. This puts the human population in danger because some might deliberately or carelessly clone people, or even animals, with bad genes, which could equate to having more diseases, both physically and mentally. Once the cloning technology has advanced, it will help researchers better understand genes as well as the effects of genetic constituents on our traits. 2. The process of cloning could also be used to repair or grow new cells to replace damaged or missing ones, which could treat illnesses and genetic disorders. Pros of Cloning. Help to Eliminate Defective/Weak Genes. The last successful cloning of a primate was in 1998, but scientists have also cloned about 20 different types of animals including dogs, pigs, frogs, mice, cows and rabbits since the first cloned animal in 1996. It can foster a wrong notion about having children. As humans continually reproduce, damage to their DNA … These are the crucial points to review. Cloning technology is already here, as evidenced by Dolly the sheep. The New Atlantis: Appendix: State Laws on Human Cloning. The advantages and disadvantages of human cloning raise moral, ethical, scientific and safety questions. Gene cloning produces copies of genes or segments of DNA. Though genetically identical, cloned humans are technically due the same rights of any human.